The relationship between the lawyer and the client is legally based on the so-called the power of attorney. Thus, civil law defines it as a contract whereby the agent is to be bound to the legal work or acts on behalf of the client.
Two types of authorization are there; (1) General Power of Attorney which is among ordinary people and it aims at doing a certain legal work such as buying or selling a house, and (2) Judicial Power of Attorney where someone entrusts a lawyer to defend him or defend his rights in a suit before the court. There are two types of power of attorney:
General Power of Attorney
Special Power of Attorney
There are ready-made proformas for these documents:
General Power of Attorney: This authorizes the lawyer or the authrrized the right to represent his client before all courts and in all cases whether for or against him. This is not limited to any particular act or task.
Special Power of Attorney entitles the lawyer the right to represent his client before the court for which the authorizaion has been issued exclusively, and does not go beyond that.
Legal Power of Attorney entitles the lawyer to represent his client in personal matters or issues such as marriage, divorce, linage, etc.
These types of documents will be void and will terminate in the following situations:
At the completion of work for which the authorization has been issued.
At the end of the term assigned for the authorization.
On the death of the client
On the death of the lawyer
Upon relinquishing of the authorization by the lawyer
Upon deauthorizing the lawyer by the client